Agim, Kelechi N. Analysis of Water Based Fracture Fluid Flowback to Determine Fluid/Shale Chemical Interaction. Master's thesis, Texas A & M University, 2014.

Akob, Denise M., Isabelle M. Cozzarelli, Darren S. Dunlap, Elisabeth L. Rowan, and Michelle M. Lorah. 'Organic and Inorganic Composition and Microbiology of Produced Waters from Pennsylvania Shale Gas Wells'. Applied Geochemistry 60 (2015): 116-25.

Al, T.A., J. Leblanc, and S. Phillips. A Study of Groundwater Quality from Domestic Wells in the Sussex and Elgin Regions, New Brunswick: with Comparison to Deep Formation Water and Gas from the McCully Gas Field . Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7449, 2013. doi:10.4095/292762

Al, Tom, Karl Buttler, Rick Cunjak, and Kerry MacQuarrie. Opinion: Potential Impact of Shale Gas Exploitation on Water Resources. Fredericton, NB: University of New Brunswick, April 2012.

Armanini, David, Daniele Demartini, Almudena Idigoras Chaumel, Tommi Linnansaari, Wendy Monk, Andre St-Hilaire, and R. Allen Curry.Environmental Flow Guidelines for Resource Development in New Brunswick. New Brunswick Energy Institute Technical Report #2015-01, 2015.

Atlantica Centre for Energy. Wastewater from Natural Gas Development: Treatment Options for New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Saint John, NB: Atlantica Centre for Energy/ Centre d'Atlantique pour l'énergie, 2015.

Austin, BJ, N Hardgrave, E Inlander, C Gallipeau, S Entrekin, and MA Evans-White. 'Stream Primary Producers Relate Positively to Watershed Natural Gas Measures in North-Central Arkansas Streams'. Sci Total Environ. 525, Oct 1 (2015): 54-64. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.05.030.

Balashov, Victor N, Terry Engelder, Xin Gu, Matthew S Fantle, and Susan L Brantley. 'A Model Describing Flowback Chemistry Changes with Time After Marcellus Shale Hydraulic Fracturing'. AAPG Bulletin 99, no.1 (2015): 143-54.

Baldassare, Fred J., Mark A. McCaffrey, and John A. Harper. 'A Geochemical Context for Stray Gas Investigation in the Northern Appalachian Basin: Implications of Analyses of Natural Gases from Neogene-Through Devonian-Age Strata'. AAPG Bulletin, February (2014). doi: 10.1306/06111312178.

Baranzelli, Claudia, Ine Vandecasteele, Ricardo Ribeiro Barranco, Ines Mari i Rivero, Nathan Pelletier, Okke Batelaan, and Carlo Lavalle. 'Scenarios for Shale Gas Development and their Related Land Use Impacts in the Baltic Basin, Northern Poland'. Energy Policy 84 (2015): 80-95.

Barbot, Elise, Natasa S. Vidic, Kelvin B. Gregory, and Radisav D. Vidic. 'Spatial and Temporal Correlation of Water Quality Parameters of Produced Waters from Devonian-Age Shale following Hydraulic Fracturing'. Environmental Science & Technology 47, no.6 (2013): 2562-69. doi: 10.1021/es304638h.

Beaver, William. 'Environmental Concerns in Marcellus Shale'. Business and Society Review 119 (2014): 125-46. doi: 10.1111/basr.12027.

Benz, Harley M., Nicole D. McMahon, Richard C. Aster, Daniel E. McNamara, and David B. Harris. 'Hundreds of Earthquakes Per Day: The 2014 Guthrie, Oklahoma, Earthquake Sequence'. Seismological Research Letters 86, no.5 (2015): 1318-25. doi: 10.1785/0220150019.

Best, Laura C., and Christopher S. Lowry. 'Quantifying the Potential Effects of High-Volume Water Extractions on Water Resources during Natural Gas Development: Marcellus Shale, NY'. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies 1 (2014): 1-16.

Bharadwaj, Lalita " Shale Gas Development in Canada: Potential Health Risks." 33rd Yukon Legislative Assembly, May 27th, 2014.

Bibby, Kyle J., Susan L. Brantley, Danny D. Reible, Karl G. Linden, Paula J. Mouser, Kelvin B. Gregory, Brian R. Ellis, and Radisav D. Vidic. 'Suggested Reporting Parameters for Investigations of Wastewater from Unconventional Shale Gas Extraction'. Environmental Science & Technology 47, no.23 (2013): 13220-21. doi: 10.1021/es404960z.

Bordeleau, Genevieve, Christine Rivard, Denis Lavoie, Andy Mort, Jason Ahad, Xavier Malet, and Xiaomei Xu. 'Identifying the Source of Methane in Groundwater in a 'virgin' Area with Regards to Shale Gas Exploitation: A Multi-isotope Approach'. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science 13 (2015): 219-22.

Brantley, SL. 'Drinking Water While Fracking: Now and in the Future'. Ground Water 53, no.1 (2015): 21-23.

Burnett, D.B., F.M. Platt, and C.E. Vavra. "Achieving Water Quality Required for Fracturing Gas Shales: Cost Effective Analytic and Treatment Technologies." SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, The Woodlands, Texas, April 13-15, 2015.

Cairns, Scott, Honn Kao, Amir Mansour Farahbod, and David Snyder. 'Preparing to Monitor and Distinguish Natural and Induced Seismicity near Normal Wells, Northwest Territories'. CSEG Recorder 39, no.9 (2014). .

Canada. Office of the Prime Minister. Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs Mandate Letter, by Rt. Hon. Justin Trudeau, P.C., M.P.. Ottawa: Office of the Prime Minister, 2015.

Canada. Statistics Canada. Report on Energy Supply and Demand in Canada - 2013 Preliminary. Minister of Industry, 2015.(Catalogue no. 57-003-X).

Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment. Canada-wide Definitions and Principles for Cumulative Effects. 2014. PN 1541.

Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP). Update on Fugitive Leak Emission Factors. Calgary, AB: CAPP, 2014.

Capo, Rosemary C., Brian W. Stewart, Elisabeth L. Rowan, Courtney A. Kolesar Kohl, Andrew J. Wall, Elizabeth C. Chapman, Richard W. Hammack, and Karl T. Schroeder. 'The Strontium Isotopic Evolution of Marcellus Formation Produced Waters, Southwestern Pennsylvania'.International Journal of Coal Geology 126 (2014): 57-63.

Carlton, Annmarie G., Eleana Little, Michael Moeller, Stella Odoyo, and Paul B. Shepson. 'The Data Gap: Can a Lack of Monitors Obscure Loss of Clean Air Act Benefits in Fracking Areas?'. Environmental Science & Technology 48, no.2 (2014): 893-94. doi: 10.1021/es405672t.

Carpenter, Seth, Zhenming Wang, and Edward W. Woolery. "Monitoring Microseismicity Around Wastewater Injection Wells and at the Onset of Unconventional Oil and Gas Production in the Rome Trough, Eastern Kentucky." AAPG Eastern Section Meeting, Indianapolis, Indiana, September 20-22, 2015.

Caulton, Dana R., Paul B. Shepson, Renee L. Santoro, Jed P. Sparks, Robert W. Howarth, Anthony R. Ingraffea, Maria O. L. Cambaliza, Colm Sweeney, Anna Karion, Kenneth J. Davis, Brian H. Stirm, Stephen A. Montzka, and Ben R. Miller. 'Toward a Better Understanding and Quantification of Methane Emissions from Shale Gas Development'. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111, no.17 (2014): 6237-42. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1316546111.

Center for Biological Diversity, Physicians for Social Responsibility - LA, Communities for a Better Environment, and Poverty and the Environment Center on Race. Air Toxics One-Year Report: Oil Companies Used Millions of Pounds of Air-Polluting Chemicals in Los Angeles Basin Neighborhoods. June 2014.

Chapman, M.J., L.N. Gurley and S.A. Fitzgerald, 'Baseline Well Inventory and Groundwater-Quality Data from a Potential Shale Gas Resource Area in Parts of Lee and Chatham Counties, North Carolina, October 2011-August 2012,' U.S. Geological Survey, (2014) Data Series 861

Chesapeake Energy. Produced Formation Water Sample Results from Shale Plays. EPA Hydraulic Fracturing Technical Workshop, 2011.

Christian, Kayla M., Laura K. Lautz, Gregory D. Hoke, Donald I. Siegel, Zunli Lu, and John Kessler. 'Methane Occurrence is Associated with Sodium-Rich Valley Waters in Domestic Wells Overlying the Marcellus Shale in New York State'. Water Resources Research (January 2016). doi: 10.1002/2015WR017805.

Colborn, Theo, Carol Kwiatkowski, Kim Schultz, and Mary Bachran. 'Natural Gas Operations from a Public Health Perspective'. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal 17, no.5 (2011): 1039-56. doi: 10.1080/10807039.2011.605662.

Colborn, Theo, Kim Schultz, Lucille Herrick, and Carol Kwiatkowski. 'An Exploratory Study of Air Quality Near Natural Gas Operations'. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal 20, no.1 (2014): 86-105. doi: 10.1080/10807039.2012.749447.

Colorado. Oil and Gas Conservation Commission. Well Water Analytical Results (Bracken Property). 2008.

---. School of Public Health. Environmental and Health Monitoring Study Final Design Battlement Mesa, Garfield County Colorado. December 2011.

"Contaminant Characterization of Effluent from Pennsylvania Brine Treatment Inc., Josephine Facility: Implications for Disposal of Oil and Gas Flowback Fluids from Brine Treatment Plants." EPA Hydraulic Fracturing Study Technical Workshop 3, Fate and Transport, EPA Potomac Yards Conference Facility, March 28-29, 2011.

Cooley, Heather, and Kristina Donnelly. Hydraulic Fracturing and Water Resources: Separating the Frack from the Fiction. Oakland, California: Pacific Institute, 2012.

Council of Canadian Academies. Environmental Impacts of Shale Gas Extraction in Canada. Ottawa, ON: The Expert Panel on Harnessing Science and Technology to Understand the Environmental Impacts of Shale Gas Extraction, Council of Canadian Academies, 2014. and publications and news releases/shale gas/shalegas_fullreporten.pdf

---. The Sustainable Management of Groundwater in Canada. Ottawa, ON: The Expert Panel on Groundwater, Council of Canadian Academies, 2009.

---. Technology and Policy Options for a Low-Emission Energy System in Canada. The Expert Panel on Energy Use and Climate Change, Council of Canadian Academies, 2015. eng/assessments and publications and news releases/magna/energyuse_ fullreport_en.pdf

---. Environmental Impacts of Shale Gas Extraction in Canada. Ottawa, ON: The Expert Panel on Harnessing Science and Technology to Understand the Environmental Impacts of Shale Gas Extraction, Council of Canadian Academies, 2014. and publications and news releases/shale gas/shalegas_fullreporten.pdf

Deloitte LLP. Shale Gas Supply Chain Opportunities in New Brunswick. Future NB, 2013.

Drage, J., and G.W. Kennedy. Report of Activities 2013: Methane in Well Water in Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources Mineral Resources Branch, 2014. Report ME 2014-001.

Dusseault, Maurice B., Richard E. Jackson, and Daniel MacDonald. Towards a Road Map for Mitigating the Rates and Occurrences of Long-Term Wellbore Leakage. Waterloo: ON: University of Waterloo, 2014.

Energy Modeling Forum. EMF Report 26: Changing the Game? Emissions and Market Implications of New Natural Gas Supplies. Stanford, CA: Stanford University, 2013.

Entrekin, SA , KO Maloney, KE Kapo, AW Walters, MA Evans-White, and KM Klemow. 'Stream Vulnerability to Widespread and Emergen Stressors: A Focus on Unconventional Oil and Gas'. PLoS One 10, no.9 (2015): e1037416. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0137416.

Entrekin, Sally, Michelle Evans-White, Brent Johnson, and Elisabeth Hagenbuch. 'Rapid Expansion of Natural Gas Development Poses a Threat to Surface Waters'. Front Ecol Environ 9, no.9 (2011): 503-11. doi: 10.1890/110053.

Farwell, Laura S., Petra B. Wood, James Sheehan, and Gregory George. "Avian Response to Forest Disturbance Associated with Marcellus Shale Gas Development: A Long-Term Case Study of Impacts on Area-Sensitive Species." Ecological Science at the Frontier Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD, August 9-14, 2015.

Field, R.A., J. Soltis, and S. Murphy. 'Air Quality Concerns of Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas Production'. Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts 16 (2014): 954-69. doi: 10.1039/C4EM00081A.

Francis, O'Sullivan, and Paltsev Sergey. 'Shale Gas Production: Potential versus Actual Greenhouse Gas Emissions'. Environmental Research Letters 7, no.4 (2012): 044030.

Frantz, Mack W., Petra B. Wood, James Sheehan, Gregory George, Amy B. Welsh, and Steve Latta. "Response of Louisiana Waterthrush to Shale Gas Development." Ecological Science at the Frontier Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD, August 9-14, 2015.

Goetz, J. Douglas, Cody Floerchinger, Edward C. Fortner, Joda Wormhoudt, Paola Massoli, W. Berk Knighton, Scott C. Herndon, Charles E. Kolb, Eladio Knipping, Stephanie L. Shaw, and Peter F. DeCarlo. 'Atmospheric Emission Characterization of Marcellus Shale Natural Gas Development Sites'. Environmental Science & Technology 49, no.11 (2015): 7012-20. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.5b00452.

Gono, V., J.E. Olson and J.F. Gale, 'Understanding the Correlation between Induced Seismicity and Wastewater Injection in the Fort Worth Basin,' American Rock Mechanics Association,(2015): ARMA-2015-419

Goss, Greg, Daniel Alessi, Diana Allen, Joel Gehman, Jason Brisbois, Stefanie Kletke, Ashkan Zolfaghari Sharak, Chelsea Notte, D. Yvette Thompson, Kailun Hong, Victor Renan Covalski Junes, Wladimir Barroso Guedes de Araujo Neto, and Chloe Prosser. Unconventional Wastewater Management: A Comparative Review and Analysis of Hydraulic Fracturing Wastewater Management Practices Across Four North American Basins . Canadian Water Network, 2015.

Haluszczak, Lara O., Arthur W. Rose, and Lee R. Kump. 'Geochemical Evaluation of Flowback Brine from Marcellus Gas Wells in Pennsylvania, USA'.Applied Geochemistry 28 (2013): 55-61.

Hansen, Evan, Dustin Mulvaney, and Meghan Betcher. Water Resource Reporting and Water Footprint from Marcellus Shale Development in West Virginia and Pennsylvania. San Jose, CA: Downstream Strategies, 2013.

Harkness, J., N.R. Warner, G.S. Dwyer, W. Mitch, and A. Vengosh. 'Halogens in OIl and Gas Production-Associated Wastewater'.AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts (2014).

He, C., Zhang, T., Zheng, X., Li, Y. and Vidic, R. D. (2014), 'Management of Marcellus Shale Produced Water in Pennsylvania: A Review of Current Strategies and Perspectives.' Energy Technology, 2: 968-976. doi:10.1002/ente.201402060

Heilweil, VM, PL Grieve, SA Hynek, SL Brantley, DK Solomon, and DW Risser. 'Stream Measurements Locate Thermogenic Methane Fluxes in Groundwater Discharge in an Area of Shale-Gas Development'. Environ Sci Technol. 49, no.7 (2015): 4057-65. doi: 10.1021/es503882b.

Heisig, P.M., and Tia-Marie Scott. Occurrence of Methane in Groundwater of South-Central New York State, 2012 - Systemic Evaluation of a Glaciated Region by Hydrogeologic Setting. U.S. Geological Survey, 2013. Scientific Investigations Report 2013-5190.

Hethcoat, Matthew G., and Anna D. Chalfoun. 'Towards a Mechanistic Understanding of Human-Induced Rapid Environmental Change: A Case Study Linking Energy Development, Nest Predation and Predators'. Journal of Applied Ecology 52, no.6 (2015): 1492-99.

Horton, S., "Disposal of Hydrofracking Waste Fluid by Injection into Subsurface Aquifers Triggers Earthquake Swarm in Central Arkansas with Potential for Damaging Earthquake," Seismological Research Letters 83, no. 2 (2012): 250-260, 10.1785/gssrl.83.2.250

Howarth, R. W., A. Ingraffea, and T. Engelder. 'Natural Gas: Should Fracking Stop?'. Nature 477, 7364 (2011): 271-5. doi: 10.1038/477271a.

Howarth, Robert W. 'A Bridge to Nowhere: Methane Emissions and the Greenhouse Gas Footprint of Natural Gas'. Energy Science & Engineering 2, 2 (2014): 47-60. doi: 10.1002/ese3.35.

---. 'Methane Emissions and Climatic Warming Risk from Hydraulic Fracturing and Shale Gas Development: Implications for Policy'. Energy and Emissions Control Technologies 2015, 3 (2015): 45-54. .

Howarth, Robert W., Renee Santoro, and Anthony Ingraffea. 'Venting and Leaking of Methane from Shale Gas Development: Response to Cathles et al'. Climatic Change 113, no.2 (2012): 537-49. doi: 10.1007/s10584-012-0401-0.

Humez, Pauline, Bernhard Mayer, J Ing, M Nightingale, V Becker, A Kingston, O Akbilgic, and S Taylor. 'Occurrence and Origin of Methane in Groundwater in Alberta (Canada): Gas Geochemical and Isotopic Approaches'. Sci Total Environ. 541 (2016): 1253-68. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.09.055.

Hydraulic Fracturing Can Potentially Contaminate Drinking Water Sources . Natural Resources Defence Council, 2012.

ICF International. Economic Analysis of Methane Emission Reduction Opportunities in the Canadian Oil and Natural Gas Industries. New York, NY: Environmental Defense Fund, 2015.

---. Onshore Petroleum and Natural Gas Operations on Federal and Tribal Lands in the United States: Analysis of Emissions and Abatement Opportunities. June 22, 2015.

Ing, Jenifer. Occurrence and Origin of Methane in Shallow Groundwater in Alberta, Canada. Master's thesis, University of Calgary, 2015.

Ingraffea, Anthony R., Martin T. Wells, Renee L. Santoro, and Seth B. C. Shonkoff. 'Assessment and Risk Analysis of Casing and Cement Impairment in Oil and Gas Wells in Pennsylvania, 2000-2012'. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111, no.30 (2014): 10955-60. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1323422111.

Jackson, R. E., and M. B. Dusseault. "Gas Release Mechanisms from Energy Wellbores." 48th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium, Minneapolis, MN, USA, June 1-4, 2014.

Jackson, Robert B, Avner Vengosh, J William Carey, Richard J Davies, Thomas H Darrah, Francis O'Sullivan, and Gabrielle Pétron. 'The Environmental Costs and Benefits of Fracking'. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 39 (2014): 327-62. .

Jackson, Robert B. 'The Integrity of Oil and Gas Wells'. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111, no.30 (2014): 10902-03. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1410786111.

Jackson, Robert B., Adrian Down, Nathan G. Phillips, Robert C. Ackley, Charles W. Cook, Desiree L. Plata, and Kaiguang Zhao. 'Natural Gas Pipeline Leaks Across Washington, DC'. Environmental Science & Technology 48, no.3 (2014): 2051-58. doi: 10.1021/es404474x.

Jagucki, Martha, Stephanie Kula, and Brian Mailot. Groundwater Quality in Geauga County, Ohio: Status, Including Detection Frequency of Methane in Water Wells, 2009, and changes during 1978-2009. U.S. Geological Survey, 2015. Scientific Investigations Report 2015-5032.

Jha, Manoj, and Daniel Fernandez. 'Shale Gas Extraction and Water Consumption in North Carolina: A Primer'.American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 7, no.1 (2014): 165-70.

Jiang, Mohan, W. Michael Griffin, Chris Hendrickson, Paulina Jaramillo, Jeanne VanBriesen, and Aranya Venkatesh. 'Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Marcellus Shale Gas'. Environmental Research Letters 6, 3 (2011): 034014.

Jiang, Mohan, Chris T. Hendrickson, and Jeanne M. VanBriesen. 'Life Cycle Water Consumption and Wastewater Generation Impacts of a Marcellus Shale Gas Well'. Environmental Science & Technology 48, no.3 (2014): 1911-20. doi: 10.1021/es4047654.

Johnson, Derek R., April N. Covington, and Nigel N. Clark. 'Methane Emissions from Leak and Loss Audits of Natural Gas Compressor Stations and Storage Facilities'. Environmental Science & Technology 49, no.13 (2015): 8132-38. doi: 10.1021/es506163m.

Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis (JISEA). Natural Gas and the Transformation of the U.S. Energy Sector: Electricity, by Logan, J., G. Heath, E. Paranhos, W. Boyd, K. Carlson, and J. Macknick. Golden, CO, USA: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2012. (NREL/TP-6A50-55538).

Jupia Consultants Ltd. Natural Gas Supply and Demand Report: New Brunswick and Nova Scotia 2015-2025. Atlantica Centre for Energy/ Centre d'Atlantique pour l'énergie, 2015. supply_demand_report.pdf

Kappel, William, and Elizabeth Nystrom. Dissolved Methane in New York Groundwater, 1999-2011. U.S. Geological Survey, 2012. Open-File Report 2012-1162.

Kim, Won-Young, 'Induced seismicity associated with fluid injection into a deep well in Youngstown, Ohio,' Journal of Geophysical Research 118, no. 7 (2013): 3506-3518, 10.1002/jgrb.50247

Kuwayama, Yusuke, Sheila Olmstead, and Alan Krupnick. 'Water Quality and Quantity Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing'. Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports 2, no.1 (2015): 17-24. doi: 10.1007/s40518-014-0023-4.

Kuwayama, Yusuke, Skyler Roeshot, Alan Krupnick, Nathan Richardson, and Jan Mares. Pits versus Tanks: Risks and Mitigation Options for On-site Storage of Wastewater from Shale Gas and Tight Oil Development. Washington, DC: Resources for the Future, 2015.

Kuzmyak, Nicholas J. Evaluation of Friction Reducers for Use in Recycled Fracturing Flowback and Produced Water. Master's thesis, University of Texas at Austin, 2014.

Lamb, Brian K., Steven L. Edburg, Thomas W. Ferrara, Touché Howard, Matthew R. Harrison, Charles E. Kolb, Amy Townsend-Small, Wesley Dyck, Antonio Possolo, and James R. Whetstone. 'Direct Measurements Show Decreasing Methane Emissions from Natural Gas Local Distribution Systems in the United States'. Environmental Science & Technology 49, no.8 (2015): 5161-69. doi: 10.1021/es505116p.

Lamontagne, M, and D Lavoie. Report on the Monitoring of Micro-Earthquakes during the Hydraulic Fracturing Conducted in New Brunswick in August and September 2014. Open File 7815 Geological Survey of Canada, 2015.

Landis, Matthew S., Ali S. Kamal, Kasey D. Kovalcik, Carry Croghan, Gary A. Norris, and Amy Bergdale. 'The Impact of Commercially Treated Oil and Gas Produced Water Discharges on Bromide Concentrations and Modeled Brominated Trihalomethane Disinfection Byproducts at Two Downstream Municipal Drinking Water Plants in the Upper Allegheny River, Pennsylvania, USA'. Science of the Total Environment 542, Part A (2016): 505-20.

Langenbruch, Cornelius, and Serge A. Shapiro. 'Quantitative Analysis of Rock Stress Heterogeneity: Implications for the Seismogenesis of Fluid-Injection-Induced Seismicity'. GEOPHYSICS 80, no.6 (2015): WC73-WC88. doi:10.1190/geo2015-0061.1.

Larsen, Kate, Michael Delgado, and Peter Marsters. Untapped Potential: Reducing Global Methan Emissions from Oil and Natural Gas Systems. Rhodium Group, 2015.

Laurenzi, Ian J., and Gilbert R. Jersey. 'Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Freshwater Consumption of Marcellus Shale Gas'. Environmental Science & Technology 47, no.9 (2013): 4896-903. doi: 10.1021/es305162w.

Lavoie, D, V Brake, M Lamontagne, T Al, and S Hinds. "Shale Gas Research at the Geological Survey of Canada with a Focus on New Brunswick Activities." New Brunswick 2013 Exploration Mining and Petroleum Conference, Fredericton, NB, November 3-5, 2013.

Layfield, Martin. "Creating Value from Flared Natural Gas." Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, November 9-12, 2015.

Loomer, Diana B. and Kerry T.B. MacQuarrie, 'A Baseline Assessment of Domestic Well Water Quality in Potential Shale Gas Regions of New Brunswick: 2015 Interim Progress Report,' New Brunswick Energy Institute, (2015)

Lutz, Allison K., and Christopher J. Grant. 'Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing Development on Macroinvertebrate Biodiversity and Gill Morphology of Net-Spinning Caddisfly (Hydropsychidae, Diplectrona) in Northwestern Pennsylvania, USA'. Journal of Freshwater Ecology (2015): 1-7. doi: 10.1080/02705060.2015.1082157.

Lyons, Blythe. Produced Water: Asset or Waste? Washington, DC: Atlantic Council, 2014.

Ma, G., M. Geza, and P. Xu. 'Review of Flowback and Produced Water Management, Treatment, and Beneficial Use for Major Shale Gas Development Basins'. Shale Energy Engineering (2014): 53-62. doi: 10.1061/9780784413654.006.

Macy, Taylor R., Natalie A. Kruse, and Ben J. Stuart. 'Carbon Footprint Analysis of Source Water for Hydraulic Fracturing: A Case Study of Mine Water Versus Freshwater'. Mine Water and the Environment 34, no.1 (2014): 20-30. doi: 10.1007/s10230-014-0291-7.

Maguire-Boyle, Samuel J., and Andrew R. Barron. 'Organic Compounds in Produced Waters from Shale Gas Wells'. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts 16, no.10 (2014): 2237-48. doi: 10.1039/C4EM00376D.

Manda, Alex K., Jamie L. Heath, Wendy A. Klein, Michael T. Griffin, and Burrell E. Montz. 'Evolution of Multi-Well Pad Development and Influence of Well Pads on Environmental Violations and Wastewater Volumes in the Marcellus Shale (USA)'. Journal of Environmental Management 142 (2014): 36-45. doi:

Maryland, School of Public Health. Potential Public Health Impacts of Natural Gas Development and Production in the Marcellus Shale in Western Maryland. Maryland Department of the Environment and the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, June 2014.

Mauter, M., and V. Palmer. 'Expert Elicitation of Trends in Marcellus Oil and Gas Wastewater Management'. Journal of Environmental Engineering 140, no.5 (2014): B4014004. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EE.1943-7870.0000811.

Mauter, Meagan S., Pedro J. J. Alvarez, Allen Burton, Diego C. Cafaro, Wei Chen, Kelvin B. Gregory, Guibin Jiang, Qilin Li, Jamie Pittock, Danny Reible, and Jerald L. Schnoor. 'Regional Variation in Water-Related Impacts of Shale Gas Development and Implications for Emerging International Plays'. Environmental Science & Technology 48, no.15 (2014): 8298-306. doi: 10.1021/es405432k.

Maxwell, S. C., F. Zhang, and B. Damjanac. 'Geomechanical Modeling of Induced Seismicity Resulting from Hydraulic Fracturing'. The Leading Edge 34, no.6 (2015): 678-83. doi: 10.1190/tle34060678.1.

McCawley, M. 'Air Contaminants Associated with Potential Respiratory Effects from Unconventional Resource Development Activities'. Semin Respir Crit Care Med 36, no.3 (2015): 379-87. doi: 10.1055/s-0035-1549453.

McDaniel, Jessica, Larry Watters, and Arash Shadravan. "Cement Sheath Durability: Increasing Cement Sheath Integrity to Reduce Gas Migration in the Marcellus Shale Play." SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference, The Woodlands, Texas, USA, February 4-6, 2014.

McIntosh, Jennifer C., Stephen E. Grasby, Stewart M. Hamilton, and Stephen G. Osborn. 'Origin, Distribution and Hydrogeochemical Controls on Methane Occurrences in Shallow Aquifers, Southwestern Ontario, Canada'. Applied Geochemistry 50 (2014): 37-52. doi:

McLaughlin, David. Security Underground: Financing Groundwater Mapping and Monitoring in Canada. Toronto, ON: Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto, 2015.

McPhillips, Lauren E., Anne Elise Creamer, Brian G. Rahm, and M. Todd Walter. 'Assessing Dissolved Methane Patterns in Central New York Groundwater'.Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies 1 (2014): 57-73.

McTigue, Nancy E., David A. Cornwell, Katherine Graf, and Richard Brown. 'Occurrence and Consequences of Increased Bromide in Drinking Water Sources'. American Water Works Association 106, no. 11 (2014): E492-E508. .

Meng, Qingmin, and Steve Ashby. 'Distance: A Critical Aspect for Environmental Impact Assessment of Hydraulic Fracking'.The Extractive Industries and Society 1, no.2 (2014): 124-26.

Mersich, Anthony. Potential Economics of Developing Quebec's Shale Gas. Calgary, AB: Canadian Energy Research Institute, 2013. No. 132.

Molofsky, Lisa, John A. Connor, Shahla K. Farhat, and A.S. Whylie Jr. 'Methane in Pennsylvania Water Wells Unrelated to Marcellus Shale Fracturing'. Oil and Gas Journal 109, no.19 (2011): 54-67. .

Molofsky, Lisa, John A. Connor, Albert S. Wylie, Tom Wagner, and Shahla K. Farhat. 'Evaluation of Methane Sources in Groundwater in Northeastern Pennsylvania'. Ground Water 51, no.3 (2013): 333-49. doi: 10.1111/gwat.12056.

Moore, Christopher W., Barbara Zielinska, Gabrielle Pétron, and Robert B. Jackson. 'Air Impacts of Increased Natural Gas Acquisition, Processing, and Use: A Critical Review'. Environmental Science & Technology 48, no.15 (2014): 8349-59. doi: 10.1021/es4053472.

Moritz, A, JF Helie, DL Pinti, M Larocque, D Barnetche, S Retailleau, R Lefebvre, and Y Gelinas. 'Methane Baseline Concentrations and Sources in Shallow Aquifers from the Shale Gas-Prone Region of the St. Lawrence Lowlands (Quebec, Canada)'. Environ Sci Technol. 49, no.7 (2015): 4765-71.

Mortensen, David A., Emily S. J. Rauschert, Andrea N. Nord, and Brian P. Jones. 'Forest Roads Facilitate the Spread of Invasive Plants'. Invasive Plant Science and Management 2, no.3 (2009): 191-99. doi: 10.1614/IPSM-08-125.1.

Mortezaei, Kimia, and Farshid Vahedifard. 'Numerical Simulation of Induced Seismicity Due to Hydraulic Fracturing of Shale Gas Reservoirs'. Shale Energy Engineering (2014): 265-72. doi: 10.1061/9780784413654.028.

Mueller, Dan. "Treatment and Permitting of Produced Water for Discharge to Surface Water." SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference, The Woodlands, Texas, February 3-5, 2015.

Muller, Elizabeth A., and Richard Muller. The Facts About Fugitive Methane. London, UK: Center for Policy Studies, 2015.

Murtha, T. Jr., B. Orland, L. Goldberg, and R. Hammond. 'Unconventional Tools for an Unconventional Resource: Community and Landscape Planning for Shale in the Marcellus Region'. AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, abstract #PA23A-4022 (2014).

Nathan, BJ, LM Golston, AS O'Brien, K Ross, WA Harrison, L Tao, DJ Lary, DR Johnson, AN Covington, NN Clark, and MA Zondlo. 'Near-Field Characterization of Methane Emission Variability from a Compressor Station Using a Model Aircraft'. Environ Sci Technol. 49, no.13 (2015): 7896-903. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.5b00705.

Nathan, Hultman, Rebois Dylan, Scholten Michael, and Ramig Christopher. 'The Greenhouse Impact of Unconventional Gas for Electricity Generation'.Environmental Research Letters 6, 4 (2011): 044008.

New Brunswick. Aboriginal Affairs Secretariat. Government of New Brunswick Duty to Consult Policy. Fredericton, NB: Province of New Brunswick, 2011. DutytoConsultPolicy.pdf

---.. Potential New Brunswick Energy Infrastructure and Natural Resource Investment Review, by Jupia Consultants Ltd. Province of New Brunswick, 2014.

---. Public Accounts, Volume 2: Supplementary Information. Fredericton, NB: Authority of the Legislature, 2015.

---. Natural Gas Supply and Demand Report: New Brunswick and Nova Scotia 2015-2025. Atlantica Centre for Energy/ Centre d'Atlantique pour l'énergie, 2015.

---. Commissioner on the Future of Local Governance. Building Stronger Local Governments and Regions: An Action Plan for the Future of Local Governance in New Brunswick, by Jean-Guy Finn, Commissioner. Fredericton, NB: Province of New Brunswick, 2008.

---. Department of Health. Office of the Chief Medical Officer of Health (OCMOH). Chief Medical Officer of Health's Recommendations Concerning Shale Gas Development in New Brunswick. Fredericton, NB: Province of New Brunswick, 2012.

---. Office of the Ombudsman. Report of the Ombudsman into the Department of Environment's Management of the Provincial Water Classification Program. Fredericton, NB: Office of the Ombudsman, August 15, 2014.

Nicot, Jean-Philippe and Bridget R. Scanlon, "Water Use for Shale-Gas Production in Texas, U.S.," Environmental Science and Technology, 46, 3580-3586 (2012)

Northrup, Joseph M, Charles R Anderson, and George Wittemyer. 'Quantifying Spatial Habitat Loss from Hydrocarbon Development Through Assessing Habitat Selection Patterns of Mule Deer'. Global change biology 21, no.11 (2015): 3961-70.

Northrup, Joseph, and George Wittemyer. 'Characterising the Impacts of Emerging Energy Development on Wildlife, with an Eye Towards Mitigation'. Ecology Letters 16 (2013): 112-25. doi: 10.1111/ele.12009.

Nova Scotia. Department of Energy. Report of the Nova Scotia Independent Panel on Hydraulic Fracturing. Province of Nova Scotia, 2014. of the Nova Scotia Independent Panel on Hydraulic Fracturing.pdf

Olaguer, EP, M Erickson, A Wijesinghe, B Neish, J Williams, and J Colvin. 'Updated Methods for Assessing the Impacts of Nearby Gas Drilling and Production on Neighbourhood Air Quality and Human Health'. J Air Waste Manag Assoc. 66, no.2 (2016): 173-83. doi: 10.1080/10962247.2015.1083914.

Olmstead, Sheila M, Lucija A Muehlenbachs, Jhih-Shyang Shih, Ziyan Chu, and Alan J Krupnick. 'Shale Gas Development Impacts on Surface Water Quality in Pennsylvania'. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110, 13 (2013): 4962-67.

Ong, Beng. 'The Potential Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing on Agriculture'. European Journal of Sustainable Development 3, No.3 (2014): 63-72. .

Orem, William H., Calin A. Tatu, Matthew S. Varonka, Harry E. Lerch, Anne L. Bates, Mark A. Engle, Lynn M. Crosby, and Jennifer McIntosh. 'Organic Substances in Produced and Formation Water from Unconventional Natural Gas Extraction in Coal and Shale'. International Journal of Coal Geology 126 (2014): 20-31. doi: 10.1016/j.coal.2014.01.003.

Oswald, Whitney, Kiera Harper, Patrick Barickman, and Colleen Delaney. 'Using Growth and Decline Factors to Project VOC Emissions from Oil and Gas Production'. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 65, no.1 (2015): 64-73. doi: 10.1080/10962247.2014.960104.

Peischl, J, TB Ryerson, KC Aikin, JA Gouw, JB Gilman, JS Holloway, BM Lerner, R Nadkarni, JA Neuman, and JB Nowak. 'Quantifying Atmospheric Methane Emissions from the Haynesville, Fayetteville, and Northeastern Marcellus Shale Gas Production Regions'. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 120, no.5 (2015): 2119-39.;jsessionid=6BA0EA007BDD8D03D6BBE08BD82B470B.f02t02

Pennsylvania. Center for Rural Pennsylvania. The Impact of Marcellus Shale Development on Health and Health Care: The Marchellus Impacts Project Report #2. Harrisburg, PA, 2014.

Petron, Gabrielle, Anna Karion, Colm Sweeney, Benjamin Miller, Stephen Montza, Gregory Frost, Michael Trainer, Pieter Trans, Arlyn Andrews, Jonathan Kofler, Sonja Wolter, Bradley Hall, Paul Novelli, Alan Brewer, Stephen Conley, Mike Hardesty, Robert Banta, Allen White, David Noone, Dan Wolfe, and Russ Schnell. 'A New Look at Methane and Nonmethane Hydrocarbon Emissions from Oil and Natural Gas Operations in the Colorado Denver-Julesburg Basin'. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119 (2014): 6836-52. doi: 10.1002/2013JD021272.

Pinti, Daniele, Yves Gélinas, Marie Larocque, Diogo Barnetche, Sophie Retailleau, Anja Moritz, Jean-François Hélie, and René Lefebvre. Évaluation environnementale stratégique (ÉES) sur le gaz de schiste: Concentrations, sources et mécanismes de migration préférentielle des gaz d'origine naturelle (méthane, hélium, radon) dans les eaux souterraines des Basses-Terres du Saint-Laurent . Quebec: Centre Eau Terre Environnement INRS, 2013. Rapport de recherche 1503.

Prohibition Against Hydraulic Fracturing Regulation, NB Reg 2015-28.

Provincial and Territorial Ranking: Economy . The Conference Board of Canada, May 2014.

Provincial and Territorial Ranking: Innovation . The Conference Board of Canada, September 2015.

Rahm, Brian G., and Susan J. Riha. 'Evolving Shale Gas Management: Water Resource Risks, Impacts, and Lessons Learned'. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts 16, no.6 (2014): 1400-12. doi: 10.1039/C4EM00018H.

Rhodes, Amy L., and Nicholas J. Horton. 'Establishing Baseline Water Quality for Household Wells within the Marcellus Shale Gas Region, Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania, U.S.A'. Applied Geochemistry 60 (2015): 14-28. doi:

Rich, Alisa, James P. Grover, and Melanie L. Sattler. 'An Exploratory Study of Air Emissions Associated with Shale Gas Development and Production in the Barnett Shale'. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 64, no.1 (2014): 61-72. doi: 10.1080/10962247.2013.832713.

Roy, Anirban A., Peter J. Adams, and Allen L. Robinson. 'Air Pollutant Emissions from the Development, Production, and Processing of Marcellus Shale Natural Gas'. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 64, 1 (2014): 19-37. doi: 10.1080/10962247.2013.826151.

Rozell, D.J., and S.J. Reaven. 'Water Pollution Risk Associated with Natural Gas Extraction from the Marcellus Shale'. Risk Analysis 32 (2012): 1382-93. doi: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2011.01757.x.

Rubinstein, J.L. and A. B. Mahani, 'Myths and Facts on Wastewater Injection, Hydraulic Fracturing, Enhanced Oil Recover, and Induced Seismicity,' Seismological Research Letters 86, no. 4, (2015): 10.1785/0220150067

Rutqvist, J., A. P. Rinaldi, and F. Cappa. "Comparison of Injection-Induced Fault Reactivation and Seismicity in CO2 Sequestration and Shale-gas Fracturing." 49th U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, San Francisco, CA, June 28 - July 1, 2015.

Ryan, M. Cathryn, Daniel Alessi, Alireza Babaie Mahani, Aaron Cahill, John Cherry, David Eaton, Randal Evans, Naima Farah, Amelia Fernandes, Olenka Forde, Pauline Humez, Stefanie Kletke, Bethany Ladd, J.-M. Lemieux, Bernhard Mayer, K.U. Mayer, John Molson, Lucija Muehlenbachs, Ali Nowamooz, and Beth Parker. Subsurface Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing: Contamination, Seismic Sensitivity, and Groundwater Use and Demand Management. Canadian Water Network, 2015.

Santillan, Eugenio-Felipe U., Wanjoo Choi, Philip C. Bennett, and Juliette Diouma Leyris. 'The Effects of Biocide Use on the Microbiology and Geochemistry of Produced Water in the Eagle Ford Formation, Texas, U.S.A'. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering 135 (2015): 1-9. doi:

Sareen, Arjun, Martin Jia Zhou, Imad Zaghmoot, Carlos Cruz, Hong Sun, Qi Qu, and Li Leiming. "Successful Slickwater Fracturing in Ultrahigh TDS Produced Water by Environmentally Preferred Friction Reducer." International Petroleum Technology Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, December 10-12, 2014.

Senior, Lisa A., "A Reconnaissance Spatial and Temporal Baseline Assessment of Methane and Inorganic Constituents in Groundwater in Bedrock Aquifers, Pike County, Pennsylvania, 2012-13," U.S. Geological Survey, (2014), Scientific Investigations Report 2014-5117.

Shank, Matthew, and Jay Stauffer. 'Land Use and Surface Water Withdrawal Effects on Fish and Macroinvertebrate Assemblages in the Susquehanna River Basin, USA'. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 30, no.2 (2014): 229-48.

Sharak, Ashkan Zolfaghari, Mike Noel, Hassan Dehghanpour, and Doug Bearinger. "Understanding the Origin of Flowback Salts: A Laboratory and Field Study." SPE/CSUR Unconventional Resources Conference, Calgary, Alberta, September 30 - October 2, 2014.

Silliman, B.A., and E. Myers Toman. 'Quantification of Gravel Rural Road Sediment Production'. AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts (2014).

Skoumal, Robert, Michael Brudzinksi, and Brian Currie. 'Distinguishing Induced Seismicity from Natural Seismicity in Ohio: Demonstrating the Utility of Waveform Template Matching'. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 120, no.9 (2015): 6284-96. doi: 10.1002/2015JB012265.

Sloto, Ronald A., "Baseline Groundwater Quality from 34 Wells in Wayne County, Pennsylvania, 2011 and 2013," U.S. Geological Survey, (2014), Open-File Report 2014-1116.

Spectra Energy Partners, Atlantic Bridge Project - Resource Report 1: General Project Description, March 2015. content%5Cdocuments%5CProjects%5CAtlanticBridge%5CRR1_Atlantic- Bridge_Vol-II A_OCT-2015_ FINAL.PDF

Stark, Melissa, Rory Allingham, John Calder, Tessa Lennartz-Walker, Karly Wai, Peter Thompson, and Zhao Shengkai.Water and Shale Gas Development: Leveraging the US Experience in New Shale Developments. Accenture, 2012.

Stuver, S. "A Comparison of Air Emission Estimation Protocols for Drilling Rigs." SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, Texas, September 28-30, 2015.

Subramanian, R., Laurie L. Williams, Timothy L. Vaughn, Daniel Zimmerle, Joseph R. Roscioli, Scott C. Herndon, Tara I. Yacovitch, Cody Floerchinger, Daniel S. Tkacik, Austin L. Mitchell, Melissa R. Sullivan, Timothy R. Dallmann, and Allen L. Robinson. 'Methane Emissions from Natural Gas Compressor Stations in the Transmission and Storage Sector: Measurements and Comparisons with the EPA Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program Protocol'. Environmental Science & Technology 49, 5 (2015): 3252-61. doi: 10.1021/es5060258.

Texas. Railroad Commission of Texas. Water Well Complaint Investigation Report. Parker County, Texas, 2014.

The State Journal, "Chesapeake: 11 Percent of Water Wells Contain Methane Before Drilling," (2012)

Tsilhqot'in Nation v. British Columbia, 2014 SCC 44,[2014] 2 S.C.R. 256.

Tyner, David R., and Matthew R. Johnson. 'Emission Factors for Hydraulically Fractured Gas Wells Derived Using Well- and Battery-level Reported Data for Alberta, Canada'. Environmental Science & Technology 48, no.24 (2014): 14772-81. doi: 10.1021/es502815b.

United Kingdom. Department of Energy and Climate Change. Potential Greenhouse Gas Emissions Associated with Shale Gas Extraction and Use, by MacKay, David J C, and Dr Timothy J Stone. 2013.

---. Department of Energy & Climate Change. Fracking UK Shale: Understanding Earthquake Risk. London, UK: Department of Energy & Climate Change, 2014.

---. Task Force on Shale Gas. Second Interim Report: Assessing the Impact of Shale Gas on the Local Environment and Health. 2015.

United States. Energy Information Administration. Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources: An Assessment of 137 Shale Formations in 41 Countries Outside the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Energy, June 2013.

---. EPA. Unconventional Extraction in the Oil and Gas Industry. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2015.

---. Geological Survey "6 Facts about Human-caused Earthquakes," (2015),

---. National Energy Technology Laboratory. Geomechanical Impacts of Shale Gas Activities, by Lab, The Energy. US Department of Energy, September 2014. Library/Research/onsite research/R-D188-2014Sep-rev11-14.pdf

Verdon, J.P., A.L. Stork, R.C. Bissell, and C.E. Bond. "Physical and Statistical Modeling of Injection Induced Seismicity." 2015 SEG Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, October 18-23, 2015.

Vralstad, Torbjorn, Ragnhild Skorpa, Nils Opedal, and De Andrade. "Effect of Thermal Cycling on Cement Sheath Integrity: Realistic Experimental Tests and Simulation of Resulting Leakages." SPE Thermal Well Integrity and Design Symposium, Banff, AB, Canada, November 23-25, 2015.

Warner, N. R., T. H. Darrah, R. B. Jackson, R. Millot, W. Kloppmann, and A. Vengosh. 'New Tracers Identify Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids and Accidental Releases from Oil and Gas Operations'. Environmental Science & Technology 48, 21 (2014): 12552-60. doi: 10.1021/es5032135.

Warner, Nathaniel R., Cidney A. Christie, Robert B. Jackson, and Avner Vengosh. 'Impacts of Shale Gas Wastewater Disposal on Water Quality in Western Pennsylvania'. Environmental Science & Technology 47, 20 (2013): 11849-57. doi: 10.1021/es402165b.

Watson, A.A., J.O. Lopez-Plana, A. Garcia, C. Ahumada, and C. Videla. "Methods for the Development of Biodiversity Information Systems for Exploration Projects in the Oil and Gas Industry." SPE Latin American and Caribbean Health, Safety, Environment and Sustainability Conference, Bogota, Columbia.

Watson, Theresa L., and Stefan Bachu. 'Evaluation of the Potential for Gas and CO2 Leakage Along Wellbores'. SPE Drilling & Completion 24, no.1 (2009).

Webb, Ellen, Sheila Bushkin-Bedient, Amanda Cheng, Christopher D. Kassotis, Victoria Balise, and Susan C. Nagel. 'Developmental and Reproductive Effects of Chemicals Associated with Unconventional Oil and Natural Gas Operations'. Reviews on Environmental Health 29, no. 4 (2014): 307-18. doi: 10.1515/reveh-2014-0057.

Weltman-Fahs, Maya, and Jason M. Taylor. 'Hydraulic Fracturing and Brook Trout Habitat in the Marcellus Shale Region: Potential Impacts and Research Needs'. Fisheries 38, no.1 (2013): 4-15. doi: 10.1080/03632415.2013.750112.

Westaway, Rob, and Paul L. Younger. 'Quantification of Potential Macroseismic Effects of the Induced Seismicity that Might Result from Hydraulic Fracturing for Shale Gas Exploitation in the UK'. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology (2014). doi: 10.1144/qjegh2014-011.

What New Brunswick Needs to Safely Manage Wastewaters from Oil & Natural Gas Development: Smarter Regulations and Better Communication . New Brunswick Petroleum Alliance and Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers, 2015.

Wilke, Franziska D. H., Andrea Vieth-Hillebrand, Rudolf Naumann, Jörg Erzinger, and Brian Horsfield. 'Induced Mobility of Inorganic and Organic Solutes from Black Shales Using Water Extraction: Implications for Shale Gas Exploitation'. Applied Geochemistry 63 (2015): 158-68. doi:

Wilson, Brent. 'Geologic and Baseline Groundwater Evidence for Naturally Occurring, Shallowly Sourced, Thermogenic Gas in Northeastern Pennsylvania'. AAPG Bulletin, February (2014). doi: 0.1306/08061312218.

Wilson, Jessica M., and Jeanne M. Van Briesen. 'Source Water Changes and Energy Extraction Activities in the Monongahela River, 2009-2012'. Environmental Science & Technology 47, no.21 (2013): 12575-82. doi: 10.1021/es402437n.

Wilson, Miles P., Richard J. Davies, Gillian R. Foulger, Bruce R. Julian, Peter Styles, Jon G. Gluyas, and Sam Almond. 'Anthropogenic Earthquakes in the UK: A National Baseline Prior to Shale Exploitation'. Marine and Petroleum Geology 68, Part A (2015): 1-17.

Woynillowicz, Dan. "A Clean Energy Agenda for Canada." Policy Options, October 23,


Wunz, E. Charles. Summary of Shale Gas Wastewater Treatment and Disposal In Pennsylvania. State College, PA: LLC Wunz Associates, 2014.

Yang, L., I.E. Grossmann, and J. Manno. 'Optimization Models for Shale Gas Water Management'. AIChE Journal 60, no.10 (2014): 3490-501. doi: 10.1002/aic.14526.

Zavala-Araiza, Daniel, David W. Sullivan, and David T. Allen. 'Atmospheric Hydrocarbon Emissions and Concentrations in the Barnett Shale Natural Gas Production Region'. Environmental Science & Technology 48, no.9 (2014): 5314-21. doi: 10.1021/es405770h.

Ziemkiewicz, Paul, Jennifer Hause, Raymond Lovett, David Locke, Harry Johnson and Doug Patchen, "Zero Discharge Water Management for Horizontal Shale Gas Well Development," Department of Energy, (2012)

Zöller, Gert, and Matthias Holschneider. 'Induced Seismicity: What is the Size of the Largest Expected Earthquake?'. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (October 14, 2014). doi: 10.1785/0120140195.